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INTRODUCTION

Activities:

Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, photoprotective

Important Chemical Components:

Chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, condensed proanthocyanidins, quinic acid, ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid, phenolic diterpenes (kahweol, cafestol), α-tocopherol

Origin Classification:

Coffeeberry is a legal trademark for a process of harvesting subripe fruit from the plant Coffea arabica and processing it to accentuate its antioxidant ingredients while eliminating microbial contaminants.1–3 Thus, its origin is natural but marketed standardized Coffeeberry® extract products are synthesized and processed in the laboratory.

Personal Care Category:

Antiaging, moisturizing

Recommended for the following Baumann Skin Types:

DRNW, DRPW, DSNW, DSPW, ORNW, ORPW, OSNW, and OSPW

SOURCE

The coffee plant Coffea arabica, a member of the Rubiaceae family, is cultivated throughout the world and is, of course, a source of the globally popular beverage. Extracts of the coffee plant have been demonstrated to display antioxidant activity (Table 58-1).4

TABLE 58-1Pros and Cons of Coffeeberry

While much attention has been focused on coffee beans, particularly once roasted, the fruit of the coffee plant has been long ignored, and usually discarded, because it decays rapidly.1 The fruit that grows on C. arabica, however, is suffused with polyphenols, especially chlorogenic acid (the primary phenolic substance in coffee), condensed proanthocyanidins, quinic acid, caffeic acid, and ferulic acid (see Chapter 53, Caffeic Acid, and Chapter 54, Ferulic Acid).1,5,6 It is also believed to exhibit higher antioxidant activity than green tea, white tea, pomegranate, blueberries, strawberries, and raspberries (see Chapter 47, Green Tea). Polyphenols, which are secondary metabolites in plants, play an integral role in a healthy human diet, as these compounds are active constituents in various fruits, vegetables, grains, green and black tea, and coffee beans.7–11 In addition, copious research during the last several years has shown that polyphenols represent a wealth of potential health benefits, typically related to anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Consequently, manufacturers have targeted the activity of polyphenols for medical and cosmetic applications in several pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical products.

The Coffeeberry fruit, which is harvested subripe from the C. arabica plant, has been traditionally ignored, as mentioned above, but a method to translate its claimed prodigious properties has been developed and given the proprietary name Coffeeberry®. Analogous to the patented trade name for the antioxidant Pycnogenol® (see Chapter 49, Pycnogenol), derived from French maritime pine bark, Coffeeberry is a proprietary blend of antioxidants harvested from a natural botanical source.

HISTORY

C. arabica actually comes from Ethiopia and is thought to have been introduced into Arabia before or early in the 1400s, into Java before 1700, and into ...

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